Title

Splice junction classification problems for DNA sequences: Representation issues

Publication Type

Conference Proceeding Article

Publication Date

12-2001

Abstract

Splice junction classification in a Eukaryotic cell is an important problem because the splice junction indicates which part of the DNA sequence carries protein-coding information. The major issue in building a classifier for this classification task is how to represent the DNA sequence on computers since the accuracy of any classification technique critically hinges on the adopted representation. This paper presents the experimental results on seven representation schemes. The first three representations interpret each DNA sequence as a series of symbols. The fourth and fifth representations consider the sequence as a series of real numbers. Moreover, the first, second and fourth representations do not consider the influence of the neighbors on the occurrence of a nucleotide, whereas the third and fifth representations take the influence of the neighbors into considerations. To capture certain regularity in the apparent randomness in the DNA sequence, the sixth representation treats the sequence as a variant of random walk. The seventh representation uses Hurst coefficient, which quantifies the roughness of the DNA sequences. The experimental results suggest that the fourth representation scheme makes sequences from the same class close and the sequences from the different classes far, and thus finds a structure in the input space to provide the best classification results.

Keywords

Classification, DNA, Exon, Gene, Intron, Random walk and Hurst coefficient, Representation, Splice boundary

Discipline

Health Information Technology | Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Research Areas

Data Management and Analytics

Publication

Annual Reports of the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University 2001

Volume

3

First Page

2895

Last Page

2898

Publisher

The Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University

City or Country

Japan

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