Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-2014

Abstract

Advances in energy harvesting technologies and ultra low-power computing and communication devices are enabling the realization of environmentally-powered wireless sensor networks (EPWSNs). Because of limited and dynamic energy supply, EPWSNs are duty-cycled to achieve energy-neutrality, a condition where the energy demand does not exceed the energy supply. Duty cycling entails nodes to sleep and wakeup according to a wakeup scheduling scheme. In this paper, we survey the various wakeup scheduling schemes, with focus on their suitability for EPWSNs. A classification scheme is proposed to characterize existing wakeup scheduling schemes, with three main categories, namely, asynchronous, synchronous, and hybrid. Each wakeup scheduling scheme is presented and discussed under the appropriate category. The paper concludes with open research issues.

Keywords

Energy-harvesting; Wireless sensor network; Duty cycling; Wakeup scheduling

Discipline

Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering | Software Engineering

Research Areas

Software and Cyber-Physical Systems

Publication

Computer Communications

Volume

52

First Page

21

Last Page

36

ISSN

0140-3664

Identifier

10.1016/j.comcom.2014.05.004

Publisher

Elsevier

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2014.05.004