Motion and intrusion detection are often cited as wireless sensor network (WSN) applications with typical configurations comprising clusters of wireless nodes equipped with motion sensors to detect human motion. Currently, WSN performance is subjected to several constraints, namely radio irregularity and finite on-board computation/energy resources. Radio irregularity in radio frequency (RF) propagation rises to a higher level in the presence of human activity due to the absorption effect of the human body. In this paper, we investigate the feasibility of monitoring RF transmission for the purpose of intrusion detection through experimentation. With empirical data obtained from the Crossbow TelosB platform in several different environments, the impact of human activity on the signal strength of RF signals in a WSN is evaluated. We then propose a novel approach to intrusion detection by turning a constraint in WSN, namely radio irregularity, into an advantage for the purpose of intrusion detection, using signal fluctuations to detect the presence of human activity within the WSN. Unlike RF fingerprinting, the 'intruders' here neither transmit nor receive any RF signals. By enabling existing wireless infrastructures to serve as intrusion detectors instead of deploying numerous costly sensors, this approach shows great promise for providing novel solutions.
Computer and Systems Architecture | Software Engineering
Software and Cyber-Physical Systems
Measurement Science and Technology
IOP Publishing: Hybrid Open Access
LEE, Wei Qi; SEAH, Winston K. G.; Hwee-Pink TAN; and YAO, Zexi.
Wireless Sensing without Sensors: An Experimental Study of Motion/Intrusion Detection using RF Irregularity. (2010). Measurement Science and Technology. 21, (12),. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/2953
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.