Should We Wait? Network Externalities and Electronic Billing Adoption.
This study examines the adoption of electronic bill presentment and payment (EBPP) technology. EBPP continues to grow and will become a multibillion dollar e-commerce industry. The technology adoption configuration in this context is quite interesting because it involves four stakeholders: billers, bill consolidators, banks, and consumers. Banks and bill consolidators compete to act as an intermediary between billers and consumers. Network externalities play a significant role: the more billers that adopt the technology, the more consumers are willing to use the services. Our analysis is based on the welfare economics concept of finding the socially optimum adoption configuration and the resulting adoption pattern in a market with sponsored technologies. The results show that due to network externalities, billers are more likely to adopt the existing technology early, though the next technology might be superior to the current one. When the higher costs of early adoption are taken into account, the model shows that billers are more willing to wait, ceteris paribus. Our results also show that anticipation of a new and better, but compatible, technology might cause billers to wait, depending on what benefits they expect by adopting early, and how much cost they anticipate to incur upgrading their technology later.
E-Commerce | Management Information Systems
Information Systems and Management
Journal of Management Information Systems
Taylor & Francis (Routledge): SSH Titles
Au, Y.A. and KAUFFMAN, Robert John.
Should We Wait? Network Externalities and Electronic Billing Adoption.. (2001). Journal of Management Information Systems. 18, (2), 47-63. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/2779