Are Online Auction Markets Efficient? An Empirical Study of Market Liquidity and Abnormal Returns.
Technological advances have facilitated investment in collectibles through online auction markets, where information regarding product characteristics, current and historical prices, and product availability is available to millions of market participants. However, market inefficiencies may still exist, where prices do not reflect market information and where savvy speculators can profit. Using unit root and variance ratio tests, we examine 8538 rare stamp and 56,997 rare coin auctions to evaluate the efficiency of online markets. In particular, we study market liquidity, abnormal returns and weak-form efficiency. We find an inverse relationship between market efficiency and liquidity. Bidder competition intrinsic to liquidity increases the chances that uninformed bidders drive up item prices, leading to the observed market inefficiencies. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
Abnormal returns, Coins, Electronic markets, Financial economics, Market efficiency, Liquidity, Stamps, Thin markets, Unit roots, Variance ratio
Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing
Data Management and Analytics
Decision Support Systems
KAUFFMAN, Robert John; Spaulding, T.; and Wood, C. A..
Are Online Auction Markets Efficient? An Empirical Study of Market Liquidity and Abnormal Returns.. (2009). Decision Support Systems. 48, (1), 3-13. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/2749
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