Manpower scheduling is concerned with the construction of a workers' schedule which meets demands while satisfying given constraints. We consider a manpower scheduling Problem, called the Change Shift Assignment Problem(CSAP). In previous work, we proved that CSAP is NP-hard and presented greedy methods to solve some restricted versions. In this paper, we present combinatorial algorithms to solve more general and realistic versions of CSAP which are unlikely solvable by greedy methods. First, we model CSAP as a fixed-charge network and show that a feasible schedule can be obtained by finding disjoint paths in the network, which can be derived from a minimum-cost flow. Next, we show that if the schedule is tableau-shaped, then such disjoint paths can be derived from an optimal path cover, which can be found by a polynomial-time algorithm. Finally, we show that if all constraints are monotonic, then CSAP may be solved by a pseudo-polynomial backtracking algorithm which has a good run-time performance for random CSAP instances.
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics | Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering
Intelligent Systems and Decision Analytics
Journal of the Operations Research Society of Japan
Operations Research Society of Japan
LAU, Hoong Chuin.
Combinatorial approaches for hard problems in manpower scheduling. (1996). Journal of the Operations Research Society of Japan. 39, (1), 88-98. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/2
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