Title

Incorporating Window-Based Passage-Level Evidence in Document Retrieval

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2001

Abstract

This study investigated whether document retrieval can be improved if documents are divided into smaller sub-documents or passages and the retrieval score for these passages are incorporated in the final retrieval score for the whole document. The documents were segmented by sliding a window of a certain size across the document and extracting the words displayed each time the window stopped. A retrieval score was calculated for each of the passages extracted and the highest score obtained by a passage of that size was taken as the document’s passage-level score for that window size. A range of window sizes was tried. The experimental results indicated that using a fixed window size of 50 words gave better results than other window sizes for the TREC-5 and TREC-6 test collections. This window size yielded a significant retrieval improvement of 24% compared to using the whole-document retrieval score (using the traditional tf*idf weighting scheme with cosine normalisation). However, combining this window score and the whole-document retrieval score did not yield a retrieval improvement. Using a variable window size (ranging from 50 to 400 words) yielded a retrieval improvement of about 5% over using a fixed window size of 50. Different window sizes were found to work best for different queries. If the best window size to use for each query could be predicted accurately, a maximum retrieval improvement of 42% could be obtained. Subsequent work suggests that the usefulness of passage-level evidence in document retrieval depends on the weighting scheme and type of normalisation used in the retrieval method.

Discipline

Databases and Information Systems | Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Research Areas

Data Management and Analytics

Publication

Journal of Information Science

Volume

27

Issue

2

First Page

73

Last Page

80

ISSN

0165-5515

Identifier

10.1177/016555150102700202

Publisher

SAGE

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/016555150102700202