Title

Extraction of Coherent Relevant Passages using Hidden Markov Models

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-2006

Abstract

In information retrieval, retrieving relevant passages, as opposed to whole documents, not only directly benefits the end user by filtering out the irrelevant information within a long relevant document, but also improves retrieval accuracy in general. A critical problem in passage retrieval is to extract coherent relevant passages accurately from a document, which we refer to as passage extraction. While much work has been done on passage retrieval, the passage extraction problem has not been seriously studied. Most existing work tends to rely on presegmenting documents into fixed-length passages which are unlikely optimal because the length of a relevant passage is presumably highly sensitive to both the query and document.In this article, we present a new method for accurately detecting coherent relevant passages of variable lengths using hidden Markov models (HMMs). The HMM-based method naturally captures the topical boundaries between passages relevant and nonrelevant to the query. Pseudo-feedback mechanisms can be naturally incorporated into such an HMM-based framework to improve parameter estimation. We show that with appropriate parameter estimation, the HMM method outperforms a number of strong baseline methods on two datasets. We further show how the HMM method can be applied on top of any basic passage extraction method to improve passage boundaries.

Discipline

Databases and Information Systems | Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Research Areas

Data Management and Analytics

Publication

ACM Transactions on Information Systems

Volume

24

Issue

3

First Page

295

Last Page

319

ISSN

1046-8188

Identifier

10.1145/1165774.1165775

Publisher

ACM

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1165774.1165775