Publication Type

Journal Article

Version

Postprint

Publication Date

5-2000

Abstract

Service providers have begun to offer multimedia-on-demand services to residential estates by installing isolated, small-scale multimedia servers at individual estates. Such an arrangement allows the service providers to operate without relying on a highspeed, large-capacity metropolitan area network, which is still not available in many countries. Unfortunately, installing isolated servers can incur very high server costs, as each server requires spare bandwidth to cope with fluctuations in user demand. The authors explore the feasibility of linking up several small multimedia servers to a (limited-capacity) network, and allowing servers with idle retrieval bandwidth to help out servers that are temporarily overloaded; the goal is to minimize the waiting time for service to begin. We identify four characteristics of load sharing in a distributed multimedia system that differentiate it from load balancing in a conventional distributed system. We then introduce a GWQ load sharing algorithm that fits and exploits these characteristics; it puts all servers' pending requests in a global queue, from which a server with idle capacity obtains additional jobs. The performance of the algorithm is captured by an analytical model, which we validate through simulations. Both the analytical and simulation models show that the algorithm vastly reduces wait times at the servers. The analytical model also provides guidelines for capacity planning. Finally, we propose an enhanced GWQ+L algorithm that allows a server to reclaim active local requests that are being serviced remotely. Simulation experiments indicate that the scheduling decisions of GWQ+L are optimal, i.e., it enables the distributed servers to approximate the performance of a large centralized server

Keywords

Network servers, Analytical models, Bandwidth, Metropolitan area networks, Costs, Fluctuations, Joining processes, Multimedia systems, Load management, Algorithm design and analysis

Discipline

Databases and Information Systems | Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Research Areas

Data Management and Analytics

Publication

IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering

Volume

12

Issue

3

First Page

410

Last Page

428

ISSN

1041-4347

Identifier

10.1109/69.846293

Publisher

IEEE

Copyright Owner and License

Authors

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/69.846293

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