Publication Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date



Presently, most tabu search designers devise their applications without considering the potential of design and code reuse, which consequently prolong the development of subsequent applications. In this paper, we propose a software solution known as Tabu Search Framework (TSF), which is a generic C++ software framework for tabu search implementation. The framework excels in code recycling through the use of a welldesigned set of generic abstract classes that clearly define their collaborative roles in the algorithm. Additionally, the framework incorporates a centralized process and control mechanism that enhances the search with intelligence. This results in a generic framework that is capable of solving a wide range of combinatorial optimization problems using various tabu search techniques and adaptive strategies. The applications of TSF are demonstrated on the implementation of two NP-hard problems, the Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows (VRPTW) and Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAP). We show that TSF is able to obtain quality solutions within reasonable implementation as well as computation time. Key words: Tabu Search, software framework, reusability, combinatorial optimization.


Artificial Intelligence and Robotics | Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering

Research Areas

Intelligent Systems and Decision Analytics


MIC 2003: 5th Metaheuristics International Conference, August 25-28, 2003

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Last Page




City or Country

Kyoto, Japan

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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