The popular models for repairable item inventory, both in the literature as well as practical applications, assume that the demands for items are independent of the number of working systems. However this assumption can introduce a serious underestimation of availability when the number of working systems is small, the failure rate is high or the repair time is long. In this paper, we study a multi-echelon repairable item inventory system under the phenomenon of passivation, i.e. serviceable items are passivated (“switched off”) upon system failure. This work is motivated by corrective maintenance of high-cost technical equipment in the miltary. We propose an efficient approximation model to compute time-varying availability. Experiments show that our analytical model agrees well with Monte Carlo simulation.
Inventory, Maintenance, Multi-echelon, Passivation
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics | Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering
Intelligent Systems and Decision Analytics
European Journal of Operations Research
LAU, Hoong Chuin; SONG, Huawei; SEE, Chuen Teck; and CHENG, Siew Yen.
Evaluation of time-varying availability in multi-echelon spare parts systems with passivation. (2006). European Journal of Operations Research. 170, (1), 91-105. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/1096
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