Drawing on a growing stream of empirical findings that runs across different psychological domains, we demonstrated that systematic reflection stands out as a prominent tool for learning from experience. For decades, failed experiences have been considered the most powerful learning sources. Despite the theoretical and practical relevance, few researchers have investigated whether people can also learn from their successes. We showed that through systematic reflection, people can learn from both their successes and their failures. Studies have further shown that the effectiveness of systematic reflection depends on situational (e.g., reflection focus) and person-based (e.g., conscientiousness) factors. Given today's unrelenting pace and the abundance of activities in which people are involved, future researchers may want to investigate how to effectively integrate systematic reflection within the busy daily environment of the learner.
Reflection, learning, successes, failures, performance
Human Resources Management | Organizational Behavior and Theory
Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources
Current Directions in Psychological Science
Association for Psychological Science
ELLIS, Shmuel; CARETTE, Bernd; ANSEEL, Frederik; and LIEVENS, Filip.
Systematic reflection: Implications for learning from failures and successes. (2014). Current Directions in Psychological Science. 23, (1), 67-72. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/5673
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