Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-2014

Abstract

We examine the effect of friendship in triads on retaliatory responses to unfair outcomes that originate from a group member. Drawing on Simmel's classic discussion of relationships in social triads versus dyads, we hypothesized that the effect of unfairness on retaliation between friends is stronger when the third party in the triad is a mutual friend, rather than a stranger. We also draw on social categorization theory to hypothesize that the effect of unfairness on retaliation between strangers is stronger when the third party is a friend of that stranger than when the triad consists of all strangers. Hypotheses were tested in an experiment where participants negotiated with one another in a three-person exchange network. The results supported our hypothesis that between friends, the increase in retaliation was stronger following an unfair deal when third parties were mutual friends, rather than strangers.

Keywords

social structure, counterproductive behaviors, negotiation, friendship, retaliation

Discipline

Organizational Behavior and Theory

Research Areas

Strategy and Organisation

Publication

Small Group Research

Volume

45

Issue

5

First Page

471

Last Page

505

ISSN

1046-4964

Identifier

10.1177/1046496414537689

Publisher

SAGE Publications (UK and US)

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.1177/1046496414537689

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