Recent management research has indicated the importance of family, sleep, and recreation as nonwork activities of employees. Drawing from entrainment theory, we develop an expanded model of work-life conflict to contend that macrolevel business cycles influence the amount of time employees spend on both work and nonwork activities. Focusing solely on working adults, we test this model in a large nationally representative dataset from the Bureau of Labor Statistics that spans an 8-year period, which includes the “Great Recession” from 2007 through 2009. We find that during economic booms, employees work more and therefore spend less time with family, sleeping, and recreating. In contrast, in recessionary economies, employees spend less time working and therefore more time with family, sleeping, and recreating. Thus, we extend the theory on time-based work-to-family conflict, showing that there are potential personal and relational benefits for employees in recessionary economies.
business cycles, recovery activities, sleep, work-family conflict, work-life conflict
Human Resources Management | Organizational Behavior and Theory
Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
American Psychological Association
BARNES, Christopher M.; LEFTER, Alexandru; Devasheesh P. BHAVE; and WAGNER, David T..
The benefits of bad economies: Business cycles and time-based work-life conflict. (2016). Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 21, (2), 235-249. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/4988