Publication Type

Journal Article

Version

Publisher’s Version

Publication Date

4-2015

Abstract

Objective: To examine whether disaggregated activities of daily living (ADL) limitations better predict the risk of nursing home admission compared to conventionally used ADL disability counts.Data Sources: We used panel data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) for years 1998-2010. The HRS is a nationally representative survey of adults older than 50 years (n=18,801). Study Design: We fitted Cox regressions in a continuous time survival model with age at first nursing home admission as the outcome. Time-varying ADL disability types were the key explanatory variables. Principal Findings: Of the six ADL limitations, bathing difficulty emerged as the strongest predictor of subsequent nursing home placement across cohorts. Eating and dressing limitations were also influential in driving admissions among more recent cohorts. Using simple ADL counts for analysis yielded similar adjusted R(2)s; however, the amount of explained variance doubled when we allowed the ADL disability measures to time-vary rather than remain static. Conclusions: Looking beyond simple ADL counts can provide health professionals insights into which specific disability types trigger long-term nursing home use. Functional disabilities measured closer in time carry more prognostic power than static measures.

Keywords

Long-term care, disability, aging, hazard rates, ADLs

Discipline

Finance and Financial Management | Medicine and Health

Research Areas

Finance

Publication

Health Services Research

Volume

50

Issue

2

First Page

560

Last Page

578

ISSN

0017-9124

Identifier

10.1111/1475-6773.12235

Publisher

Wiley

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.12235

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