This article critically compares China's rare earth policy with perspectives upheld in the rest of the world (ROW). We introduce rare earth elements and their importance for energy and present how China and the ROW are framing the policy debate. We find strongly dissonant views with regards to motives for foreign direct investment, China's two-tiered pricing structure and its questionable innovation potential. Using the metaphor of "China Inc.", we compare the Chinese government to a socially responsible corporation that aims to balance the needs of its internal stakeholders with the demands from a resource-dependent world. We find that China's internal stakeholders have more power and legitimacy in the REE debate than the ROW and reconceptualise various possible mitigation strategies that could change current international policy and market dynamics. As such, we aim to reframe the perspectives that seem to govern the West and argue in favor of policy formation that explicitly acknowledges China's triple bottom line ambitions and encourages the ROW to engage with China in a more nuanced manner.
Rare earth elements, China, Stakeholders
Business Law, Public Responsibility, and Ethics | Energy Policy | Strategic Management Policy
Strategy and Organisation
HAYES-LABRUTO, Leslie; Simon J.D. SCHILLEBEECKX; WORKMAN, Mark; and SHAH, Nilay.
Contrasting perspectives on China's rare earths policies: Reframing the debate through a stakeholder lens. (2013). Energy Policy. 63, 55-68. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/4947
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