Title

Infrastructure Provision, Gender and Poverty in Indian Slums

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2-2015

Abstract

We examine the relationship between infrastructure provision and poverty alleviation by analyzing 500 interviews conducted in serviced and non-serviced slums in India. Using a mixed-method approach of qualitative analysis and regression modeling, we find that infrastructure was associated with a 66% increase in education among females. Service provision increased literacy by 62%, enhanced income by 36%, and reduced health costs by 26%. Evidence suggests that a gender-sensitive consideration of infrastructure is necessary and that a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach will not suffice. We provide evidence that infrastructure investment is critical for well-being of slum dwellers and women in particular.

Keywords

India, slums, infrastructure, gender, poverty, health

Discipline

Asian Studies | Business | Inequality and Stratification | Infrastructure

Research Areas

Strategy and Organisation

Publication

World Development

Volume

66

First Page

468

Last Page

486

ISSN

0305-750X

Identifier

10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.09.014

Publisher

Elsevier

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.09.014