Technology Transfer Offices as Institutional Entrepreneurs: The Case of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation and Human Embryonic Stem Cells
We highlight the emerging role of technology transfer offices as institutional entrepreneurs involved in building legitimacy for novel technologies. To illustrate this role, we carry out an in-depth study of the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation's (WARF) initiatives to support the emergence of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) technology. Our narrative account reveals that WARF took on three sub-roles; that of protector, propagator and influencer of the nascent technology. We highlight how the dual missions of technology transfer offices (TTOs), i.e., their private and societal interests, can influence how they engage in these roles, which in turn can impact the trajectory of the technology. The implications of these findings for the literature on technology transfer, institutional entrepreneurship, and the emergence and evolution of novel technologies are discussed.
Business | Higher Education | Strategic Management Policy | Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Organisation
Industrial and Corporate Change
Oxford University Press
JAIN, Sanjay and GEORGE, Gerard.
Technology Transfer Offices as Institutional Entrepreneurs: The Case of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation and Human Embryonic Stem Cells. (2007). Industrial and Corporate Change. 16, (4), 535-567. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/4647