Comparative evaluation of resource cycle strategies on operating and environmental impact in container terminals
This paper examines the use of single and dual cycle operations for three types of resources, namely, quay cranes, vehicles, and yard cranes to improve the operating efficiency and reduce the energy consumption in a container terminal. Various cycle strategies are proposed and their corresponding estimation models, describing the stowage distributions of outbound and inbound containers on a ship and the storage sharing level of blocks in the yard, are formulated to estimate the total number of cycles for the resources. Statistical analyses are conducted to evaluate and compare the effect of different cycle strategies on the cycle reductions. From the experiment results, it was found that collaboration between resources with the single cycle operation always outperforms that under the dual cycle operation without collaboration.
cycle strategies, dual cycles, cycle reduction, operating efficiency, energyconsumptions, container terminals
Business | Operations and Supply Chain Management | Transportation
Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
LEE, Byung Kwon; LOW, Joyce M. W.; and KIM, Hwan Kap.
Comparative evaluation of resource cycle strategies on operating and environmental impact in container terminals. (2015). Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 41, 118-135. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/4487