The Determinants of Backhaul Effect in Ocean Shipping
This paper examines the backhaul problem of water freight across different regions of the world and seeks to elicit the determinants for the difference in prices of transportation cost. Findings also highlight the importance in taking into account both the front-haul and backhaul in the planning of sea freight routes on reducing environmental emissions as compared to considering each direction independently in the planning.
backhaul, liner connectivity, environmental impact
IAME (International Association of Maritime Economist) 2015
City or Country
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 24-26 Aug 2015
LOW, Mei Wan.
The Determinants of Backhaul Effect in Ocean Shipping. (2015). IAME (International Association of Maritime Economist) 2015. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/4313
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