Title

Manager Support Predicts Turnover of Professionals in India

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2011

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine how the support managers provide to employees affects the employees' sense of intrinsic reward, personal commitment, perceived career success, and retention. A large-scale employee survey wss conducted of 28 organizational entities in India involving 9,301 randomly identified employees yielding 4,811 respondents (54 percent response rate) supported by employee interviews following the survey. Using a hypothesis-driven, path analytic-regression approach, the managerial support of employees had significant direct and indirect effects on perceived career success and retention one year later. Intrinsic rewards and personal commitment mediated these relationships. Managers may play a much greater role in employee retention than the literature often suggests. Key manager practices include showing personal interest, holding career discussions, acknowledging employee contributions, using a system of empowerment, and celebrating milestones and successes. Employees can improve their perceived career success by balancing their long- and short-term goals, improving their competence, and communicating openly with their managers. To reduce turnover, HR professionals can provide better manager support training, hold managers accountable for retention, enhance the career management and HR systems by developing more non-monetary rewards, and learn from those that leave. Manager practices in support of their employees were studied across a large and diverse set of national, international, and global firms operating in India. Findings highlight the importance of the managerial role in reducing turnover and enhancing perceptions of career success in a culture known for high power distance among managers and employees.

Keywords

Careers, India, Management styles, Retention

Discipline

Asian Studies | Human Resources Management | Strategic Management Policy

Research Areas

Strategy and Organisation

Publication

Career Development International

Volume

16

Issue

3

First Page

293

Last Page

312

ISSN

1362-0436

Identifier

10.1108/13620431111140174

Publisher

Emerald

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13620431111140174