We use survey responses from 2,901 corporate insiders to assess the costs and benefits of compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The majority of respondents recognize compliance benefits, but they do not perceive these benefits to outweigh the costs, on average. This is particularly true among smaller companies where the start-up costs are proportionately larger. However, the perceived efficiency of compliance increases with auditor attestations, years of compliance experience, and after the remediation of a material weakness. Notably, the perceived effects of compliance depend largely on firm complexity, but are mostly unrelated to firm governance structure.
Corporate governance, Internal controls, Regulation, Sarbanes-Oxley, Section 404
Accounting | Finance and Financial Management
Journal of Accounting and Economics
Alexander, Cindy; Bauguess, Scott; BERNILE, Gennaro; Lee, Alex; and Marietta-Westberg, Jennifer.
Economic effects of SOX Section 404 compliance: A corporate insider perspective. (2013). Journal of Accounting and Economics. 56, (2-3), 267-290. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/3661
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