Demand-perception and self-motivation as opponent processes: A response to Bandura and Vancouver
This article attempts to move beyond the contradictions regarding the motivational effects of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy beliefs are viewed as the conscious reflection of an implicit process of self-motivation that occurs as a response to the perception of increased demands. A positive rate of change in self-efficacy beliefs, rather than a steady state of self-efficacy, indicates self-motivation and is associated with positive motivational consequences. It is argued that the oscillating interplay of demand-perception and self-motivation is linked to the dynamics of positive and negative affect. The theoretical model can account for the conflicting findings that exist with regard to the motivational consequences of self-efficacy and opens an agenda for future research.
self-regulation, motivation, affect, self-efficacy, dynamics
Business | Organizational Behavior and Theory
Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources
Journal of Management
Demand-perception and self-motivation as opponent processes: A response to Bandura and Vancouver. (2013). Journal of Management. 39, (1), 14-26. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/3644