Title

Demand-perception and self-motivation as opponent processes: A response to Bandura and Vancouver

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-2013

Abstract

This article attempts to move beyond the contradictions regarding the motivational effects of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy beliefs are viewed as the conscious reflection of an implicit process of self-motivation that occurs as a response to the perception of increased demands. A positive rate of change in self-efficacy beliefs, rather than a steady state of self-efficacy, indicates self-motivation and is associated with positive motivational consequences. It is argued that the oscillating interplay of demand-perception and self-motivation is linked to the dynamics of positive and negative affect. The theoretical model can account for the conflicting findings that exist with regard to the motivational consequences of self-efficacy and opens an agenda for future research.

Keywords

self-regulation, motivation, affect, self-efficacy, dynamics

Discipline

Business | Organizational Behavior and Theory

Research Areas

Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources

Publication

Journal of Management

Volume

39

Issue

1

First Page

14

Last Page

26

ISSN

0149-2063

Identifier

10.1177/0149206312466149

Publisher

SAGE

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0149206312466149