Personality and Group Performance: The Importance of Personality Composition and Work Tasks
We examine whether group members’ Big Five personality composition (variability, minimum, and maximum) affects the group’s performance. We employed an experimental design where participants were paid based on their performance in two different group-based experimental tasks: an additive task (where group performance is based on the sum of efforts of all group members) and a conjunctive task (where group performance is based on the performance of the weakest group member). Results indicate that variability in extraversion is positively related to group performance on the additive task but not on the conjunctive task. Conversely, neuroticism maximum score is negatively related to group performance on the conjunctive task but not on the additive task.
Personality composition, Task performance, Big-Five, Groups
Organizational Behavior and Theory | Personality and Social Contexts
Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources
Personality and Individual Differences
KRAMER, Amit; BHAVE, Devasheesh P.; and JOHNSON, Tiffany D..
Personality and Group Performance: The Importance of Personality Composition and Work Tasks. (2014). Personality and Individual Differences. 58, 132-137. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/3640