Title

Personality and Group Performance: The Importance of Personality Composition and Work Tasks

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2-2014

Abstract

We examine whether group members’ Big Five personality composition (variability, minimum, and maximum) affects the group’s performance. We employed an experimental design where participants were paid based on their performance in two different group-based experimental tasks: an additive task (where group performance is based on the sum of efforts of all group members) and a conjunctive task (where group performance is based on the performance of the weakest group member). Results indicate that variability in extraversion is positively related to group performance on the additive task but not on the conjunctive task. Conversely, neuroticism maximum score is negatively related to group performance on the conjunctive task but not on the additive task.

Keywords

Personality composition, Task performance, Big-Five, Groups

Discipline

Organizational Behavior and Theory | Personality and Social Contexts

Research Areas

Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources

Publication

Personality and Individual Differences

Volume

58

First Page

132

Last Page

137

ISSN

0191-8869

Identifier

10.1016/j.paid.2013.10.019

Publisher

Elsevier

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.10.019