Perspective-Taking and Willingness to Engage in Intergroup Contact
The current research explored whether perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in contact with stereotyped outgroup members. Across three studies, we find that perspective-taking increases willingness to engage in contact with negatively-stereotyped targets. In Study 1, perspective-takers sat closer to, whereas stereotype suppressors sat further from, a hooligan compared to control participants. In Study 2, individual differences in perspective-taking tendencies predicted individuals’ willingness to engage in contact with a hooligan, having effects above and beyond those of empathic concern. Finally, Study 3 demonstrated that perspective-taking’s effects on intergroup contact extend to the target’s group (i.e., another homeless man), but not to other outgroups (i.e., a man of African descent). Consistent with other perspective taking research, our findings show that perspective-taking facilitates the creation of social bonds by increasing contact with stereotyped outgroup members.
Intergroup contact, outgroups, stereotypes
Organizational Behavior and Theory | Social Psychology
Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources
Wang, Cynthia S.; Tai, Kenneth; Ku, Gillian; and Galinsky, Adam D..
Perspective-Taking and Willingness to Engage in Intergroup Contact. (2014). PLOS One. 9, (1),. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/3631