Transverse-leaky-mode Characteristics of ARROW VCSELs
Transverse-leaky-mode characteristics of antiresonant-reflecting-optical-waveguide (ARROW) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are studied. It is found that the suppression of high-order transverse leaky modes in ARROW VCSELs can be deteriorated by the influence of spatial hole burning and thermal lensing effects. On the other hand, a new design rule is proposed to deduce the optimum dimensions of ARROW so that the suppression of high-order transverse leaky modes can be enhanced. Furthermore, the turn-on transient response of ARROW VCSELs is investigated. It is found that the radiation loss has significant influence on the built-up time of the first-order transverse leaky mode.
ARROW, Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide, SHB, VCSELs, mode control, multitransverse mode, semiconductor laser modeling, spatial hole burning, thermal lensing effect, vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers
Journal of Lightwave Technology
TEE, Chyng Wen; Yu, SF; and Chen, NS.
Transverse-leaky-mode Characteristics of ARROW VCSELs. (2004). Journal of Lightwave Technology. 22, (7), 1797-1804. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/3327