Title

Transverse-leaky-mode Characteristics of ARROW VCSELs

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-2004

Abstract

Transverse-leaky-mode characteristics of antiresonant-reflecting-optical-waveguide (ARROW) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are studied. It is found that the suppression of high-order transverse leaky modes in ARROW VCSELs can be deteriorated by the influence of spatial hole burning and thermal lensing effects. On the other hand, a new design rule is proposed to deduce the optimum dimensions of ARROW so that the suppression of high-order transverse leaky modes can be enhanced. Furthermore, the turn-on transient response of ARROW VCSELs is investigated. It is found that the radiation loss has significant influence on the built-up time of the first-order transverse leaky mode.

Keywords

ARROW, Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide, SHB, VCSELs, mode control, multitransverse mode, semiconductor laser modeling, spatial hole burning, thermal lensing effect, vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

Discipline

Business

Research Areas

Operations Management

Publication

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Volume

22

Issue

7

First Page

1797

Last Page

1804

ISSN

0733-8724

Identifier

10.1109/JLT.2004.831091