Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-2007

Abstract

It is well recognized that performance changes over time. However, the effect of these changes on overall assessments of performance is largely unknown. In a laboratory experiment, we examined the influence of salient Gestalt characteristics of a dynamic performance profile on supervisory ratings. We manipulated performance trend (flat, linear-improving, linear-deteriorating, U-shaped, and ?-shaped), performance variation (small, large), and performance mean (negative, zero, positive) within subjects and display format (graphic, tabular) between subjects. Participants received and evaluated information about the weekly performance of different employees over a simulated 26-week period. Results showed strong main effects on performance ratings of both performance mean and performance trend, as well as interactions with display format. Theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Discipline

Business

Research Areas

Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources

Publication

Journal of Applied Psychology

Volume

92

Issue

2

First Page

490

Last Page

499

ISSN

0021-9010

Identifier

10.1037/0021-9010.92.2.490.

Publisher

American Psychological Association

City or Country

USA

Included in

Business Commons

Share

COinS