Ownership Structure, Investment Behaviour and Firm Performance in Japanese Manufacturing Industries

E. Gedajlovic
Toru Yoshikawa, Singapore Management University
M. Hashimoto


Using data spanning the 1996-98 fiscal years of 247 of Japans largest manufacturers, we empirically evaluate the extent to which a firms investment behaviour and financial performance are influenced by its ownership structure. To do so, we examine six distinct categories of Japanese shareholders: foreign investors, investment funds, pension funds, banks and insurance companies, affiliated companies and insiders. Our findings strongly indicate that the relationship between the equity stakes of a particular category of investor and a firms financial performance and investment behaviour is considerably more complex than is depicted in simple principal-agent representations. Such a result emphasizes the importance of making finely grained and contextually relevant distinctions when modelling and evaluating corporate governance relations. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]