Crime, New housing, and housing incivilities in a first-ring suburb: Multilevel relationships across time
Concepts deriving from criminology, housing policy, and environmental psychology are integrated to test two ways that housing conditions could relate to crime in a declining first-ring suburb of Salt Lake City. For existing housing, we use a model to test whether housing incivilities, such as litter and unkempt lawns, are associated with later crime. For new housing, we test whether a new subdivision on a former brownfield creates spillover reductions in nearby crime and incivilities.
Police-reported crime rates were highest for residences near the brownfield and lowest for those farther away. After the subdivision was constructed, this linear decline disappeared, reflecting less crime adjacent to the new subdivision, but also more crime farther away. A multilevel analysis shows that incivilities, particularly litter and unkempt lawns on the block, predict unexpected increases in crime. Both brownfield redevelopment and reductions in incivilities may be important ways to improve declining suburban areas.
Community development and revitalization, Crime, Urban policy
Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources
Housing Policy Debate
Taylor and Francis
Brown, Barbara; Perkins, Douglas; and BROWN, Graham.
Crime, New housing, and housing incivilities in a first-ring suburb: Multilevel relationships across time. (2004). Housing Policy Debate. 15, (2), 301-345. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/2433