When Does Self-Esteem Relate to Deviant Behavior? The Role of Contingencies of Self-Worth
Researchers have assumed that low self-esteem predicts deviance, but empirical results have been mixed. This article draws upon recent theoretical developments regarding contingencies of self-worth to clarify the self-esteem/deviance relation. It was predicted that self-esteem level would relate to deviance only when self-esteem was not contingent on workplace performance. In this manner, contingent self-esteem is a boundary condition for self-consistency/behavioral plasticity theory predictions. Using multisource data collected from 123 employees over 6 months, the authors examined the interaction between level (high/low) and type (contingent/noncontingent) of self-esteem in predicting workplace deviance. Results support the hypothesized moderating effects of contingent self-esteem; implications for self-esteem theories are discussed.
self-esteem, contingent self-esteem, organizational deviance, plasticity theory, self-consistency theory
Business Administration, Management, and Operations | Human Resources Management
Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources
Journal of Applied Psychology
American Psychological Association
City or Country
FERRIS, Donald L.; Brown, D. J.; Lian, H.; and Keeping, L. M..
When Does Self-Esteem Relate to Deviant Behavior? The Role of Contingencies of Self-Worth. (2009). Journal of Applied Psychology. 94, (5), 1345-1353. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/1699