Title

Assessing and Accessing Creativity: An Integrative Review of Theory, Research, and Development

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1995

Abstract

Creative thinking is a complex cognitive activity. Modern conceptions of creativity are so diverse and extensive that a definition of creativity must include related cognitive activities such as decision making, critical thinking, and metacognition. A comprehensive assessment requires multiple measures of the cognitive processes, motivations, interests, attitudes, and styles associated with creativity; the result of the creative process such as products, presentations, and performances; and the effects of environmental press factors. Creative thinking and creative problem solving are aspects of human cognition and behavior that can be accessed through a number of strategies often incorporated in training programs. These programs focus on one or more of the following: personality factors, motivation, cognition styles, metacognitive skills, and the manipulation of environmental conditions that encourage flexibility and openness for stimulating creative processes and behaviors. This article reviews theories, models, and research on creative behavior and then explores connections with assessment issues. It offers a synthesis of the basic constructs related to creative production.

Discipline

Business

Research Areas

Organisational Behaviour and Human Resources

Publication

Creativity Research Journal

Volume

8

Issue

3

First Page

231

Last Page

247

ISSN

1040-0419

Identifier

10.1207/s15326934crj0803_3

Publisher

Taylor and Francis