De Novo Venture Strategy: Inaugural Entry and Arch-Incumbency
By definition, de novo industry ventures do not share many market-contact points with incumbents û itself an important source of competitive æstabilityÆ through mutual forbearance. As such, these ventures are often subject to aggressive retaliation at the outset, which could threaten their very survival. In this paper, the notion of an arch-incumbent is developed û hypothesizing that, in general, a large market overlap with an incumbent lowers the survival odds of a de novo entrant. However, a large market overlap with the arch-incumbent combined with an aggressive inaugural market entry or a different market positioning reduces the probability of retaliation by the arch-incumbent (and subsequently other incumbents as well), and hence increases the probability of survival for a de novo entrant. The empirical experience of de novo ventures in the intra-European passenger airline industry support these hypotheses.
venture strategy, entry deterrent, arch-incumbent, airline industry
Business Administration, Management, and Operations | International Business | Strategic Management Policy
Strategy and Organisation
Strategic Management Journal
FAN, Terence Ping Ching.
De Novo Venture Strategy: Inaugural Entry and Arch-Incumbency. (2009). Strategic Management Journal. 31, (1), 19-38. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/1290