Publication Type

Report

Publication Date

6-2015

Abstract

A maritime analogue to the silk road running through Central Asia, the Indonesian archipelago was a key ancient trade route linking Chinese goods to markets in India and farther west into the Mediterranean. Its cosmopolitan ports attracted significant numbers of Arab, Indian and Chinese merchants and holy men and fostered the exchange of goods as well as cultural and religious ideas. Cultural appropriation had a clear Indian bias. Starting in the early eighth century, the various islands saw the rise and fall of several Indianised Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms, including Mataram, Singhasari and Majapahit in east Java and Srivijaya in Sumatra. Islam, which now forms the majority religion of modern Indonesia, also came with Indian merchants from Gujarat and the Coromandel Coast. Several mainstays of Indonesian culture, such as its religious architecture, traditional dances and use of Indian epics in the wayang, belie strong Indic influences.

Keywords

Indonesia, Culture, Development

Discipline

Asian History | Asian Studies

Publication

Published

First Page

1

Last Page

21

Publisher

Institute for Societal Leadership

City or Country

Singapore

Embargo Period

1-25-2017

Copyright Owner and License

Singapore Management University

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://isl.smu.edu.sg/CIL

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