Although Western colonisers have, to varying degrees, shaped the political structures and economies of nearly all modern Southeast Asian nations, they achieved an unmatched level of cultural and institutional penetration in the Philippines. Far from the Indic inﬂuences that inspired Angkor Wat, Borobudur and Bagan, the island group was only marginally sanskritised during the pre-colonial period. With some notable exceptions in the south, Muslim communities were also never able to establish ﬁrm roots. Mindanao, Sulu and even southern Luzon were home to maritime sultanates beginning in the late 14th century, but a Spanish victory over the Muslim Rajah of Maynila in 1571 effectively halted widespread adoption of Islam throughout the archipelago. More than three centuries of Spanish rule have left a pro found mark on the culture, language and religion of the Filipinos, while the subsequent half-century of American administration has largely deﬁned the structure of their country’s political and legal institutions.
Philippines, Culture, Development, Politics
Asian History | Asian Studies | Growth and Development | Political Science
Institute for Societal Leadership
City or Country
Institute for Societal Leadership and ELLINGTON, John W..
The Metro Manila Report: National Landscape, Current Challenges and Opportunities for Growth. (2015). Published. 1-23. Institute of Societal Leadership Research Collection.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/isl_research/5
Copyright Owner and License
Singapore Management University
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.